“TheCeļotājs” –
 “Beginning of the 1941 Terror Against the Jews in Riga Latvia”
 
Monuments to Latvia’s residents who Sheltered Jews 
 
               
 
The first one is a plaque to Anna Alma Pole who gave her life for her actions. During World War II, Anna Alma Pole saved seven Jews allowing them to hide in the cellar of her house in Riga. The woman's daughter Margarita Kestere undertook to provide food; each day, she used to bring it over from across the River Daugava in a children's pram. In 1944, someone had reported on Anna Alma Pole to the German occupation institutions for helping the Jews to hide, and on 24 August 1944 the house was searched. During the search, six Jews were killed, and Anna Alma Pole was arrested and taken to the Central Prison, were she was tortured to death. 
 
    
 
The plaque on the side of the building in memory to Anna Alma Pole reads:
 
“Though I Cleanse Their Bloodshed I Will Not Cleanse”
 
In spring and summer of 1944 Anna Alma Pole was hiding 7 people here. On 24 August 1944 the police discovered the shelter. Some of the concealed people were killed on the spot. Others together with their rescuer Anna Alma Pole were tortured to death in the Central Prison. 
 
               
 

 
The second monument is to Latvian residents who sheltered Jews during the Holocaust was unveiled on Gogola Street in Riga on 4 July 2007. The monument shows a falling wall and seven columns that symbolize live people propping the wall up despite deadly danger. The names of 269 persons who harbored Jews have been engraved on the seven columns, the most famous of whom is Jānis “Žanis” Lipke.
 
Jānis “Žanis” Lipke, a dock worker in the port of Riga, determined to help save Latvian Jews from capture by the Nazis after witnessing actions against them in the streets. He retrained in order to become a contractor for the Luftwaffe, and then used his position to smuggle Jewish workers out of the Riga Ghetto and camps in and around Riga, whom he concealed with the aid of his wife until the arrival of the Red Army in October 1944. The Lipke’s and their various helpers saved forty people in this way, one fifth of the approximately 200 Jews who survived the war in Latvia.
 
When he died in 1987, the Jews of Riga arranged his funeral, and he is honored as one of the Righteous among the Nations.
 
On 4 July 2007, the day of remembrance of the victims of genocide against the Jewish nation, a monument commemorating those, and in particular Jānis “Žanis” Lipke, who saved Latvian Jews, was unveiled at Riga's Great Choral Synagogue.
 
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